Substance abuse

Substance Abuse costs to society could include violent crime, property crime, prison expenses, victimization, law enforcement costs, court costs, emergency room visits, healthcare, child abuse and neglect, lost child support, foster care, welfare, homelessness, reduced productivity, unemployment, and on-the-job accidents.


underage drinking

Alcohol is the most commonly used and abused drug among youth in the United States (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services).

In 2013, the Monitoring the Future Survey reported that 28% of 8th graders and 68% of 12th graders had tried alcohol, and 10% of 8th graders and 39% of 12th graders drank during the past month.

The 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey7 found that among high school students, during the past 30 days

  • 35% drank some amount of alcohol.
  • 21% binge drank.
  • 10% drove after drinking alcohol.
  • 22% rode with a driver who had been drinking alcohol.

 

 

 

Reported Drinking Patterns Among 8th, 10th, and 12th Grade Students: 2015 (Numbers in Percentage)

* Been drunk in the previous 30 days. **Five or more drinks in a row in the previous two weeks. https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/high-school-youth-trends

Smoking & tobacco

Cigarette smoking has declined among U.S. youth in recent years, but the use of some other tobacco products has increased (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention).

Cigarettes

  • From 2011 to 2014, current cigarette smoking declined among middle and high school students with nearly 3 of every 100 middle school students (2.5%) reported in 2014 that they smoked cigarettes in the past 30 days—a decrease from 4.3% in 2011.
  • About 9 of every 100 high school students (9.2%) reported in 2014 that they smoked cigarettes in the past 30 days—a decrease from 15.8% in 2011.

Electronic cigarettes

Current use of electronic cigarettes increased among middle and high school students from 2011 to 2014.

  • Nearly 4 of every 100 middle school students (3.9%) reported in 2014 that they used electronic cigarettes in the past 30 days—an increase from 0.6% in 2011.
  • More than 13 of every 100 high school students (13.4%) reported in 2014 that they used electronic cigarettes in the past 30 days—an increase from 1.5% in 2011.

Hookahs

From 2011 to 2014, current use of hookahs increased among middle and high school students.

  • Nearly 3 of every 100 middle school students (2.5%) reported in 2014 that they had used hookah in the past 30 days—an increase from 1.0% in 2011.
  • More than 9 of every 100 high school students (9.4%) reported in 2014 that they had used hookah in the past 30 days—an increase from 4.1% in 2011.

Smokeless Tobacco

In 2014:

  • More than 5 of every 100 high school students (5.5%) reported current use of smokeless tobacco.
  • Nearly 2 of every 100 middle school students (1.6%) reported current use of smokeless tobacco.

All Tobacco Product Use

  • In 2014, nearly 25 of every 100 high school students (24.6%) and nearly 8 of every 100 middle school students (7.7%) used some type of tobacco product.

  • In 2013, nearly half (46.0%) of high school students and nearly 18 of every 100 middle school students (17.7%) said they had ever tried a tobacco product.

Use of multiple tobacco products is prevalent among youth:

  • In 2013, more than 31 of every 100 high school students (31.4%) said they had ever tried two or more tobacco products.
  • In 2014, more than 12 of every 100 high school students (12.7%) and approximately 3 of every 100 middle school students (3.1%) reported use of two or more tobacco products in the past 30 days.

Youth who use multiple tobacco products are at higher risk for developing nicotine dependence and might be more likely to continue using tobacco into adulthood.


% of Tobacco Use* Among High School Students in 2014

*"Use" is determined by respondents indicating that they have used a tobacco product on at least 1 day during the past 30 days. source: www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/youth_data/tobacco_use/

% OF TOBACCO USE* AMONG MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENTS IN 2014

*"Use" is determined by respondents indicating that they have used a tobacco product on at least 1 day during the past 30 days. source: www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/youth_data/tobacco_use/

Importance of prevention

School- and community-based drug and alcohol prevention, such as 2inspire, is a science (years of research on prevention) and a discipline that can lead to reduced crime and delinquency and improved school performance.

Prevention:

  • Data Driven- Identify local prevalence and local conditions.
  • Science-Driven-Based on research of what works and what does not work.
  • Part of a school and community's comprehensive plan.
  • Relevant to diverse populations and addresses both individual and environmental factors.
  • Comprehensive, with multiple strategies for multiple targets, populations, and systems.